short biography. Sextant is basically a protractor which measures angle between two objects. Scott (left) and Amundsen (right) The year was 1911 when a group of Norwegian explorers, led by Roald Amundsen, accomplished what no one had before — they reached the South Pole … Roald Amundsen, from pole to pole. Amundsen's South Pole expedition This wonderful set of photographs come from the pages of The South pole; an account of the Norwegian Antarctic expedition in the "Fram," 1910-1912 , Roald Amundsen's account of his expedition which became the first to reach the South Pole on 14 December 1911, just five weeks ahead of a British party led by Robert Falcon Scott. The Norwegian explorer had been locked in a thrilling race with British explorer, Robert F. Scott, to the planet's most-southerly point for months and announced his achievement after safely arriving in Hobart, Australia, in March 1912. Early in his life Roald Amundsen dreamed of the sea. They were the first people to reach the South Pole. This was, in fact the plan for Roald Amundsen of Norway, who, in 1909, was busily preparing for an expedition to the North Pole when word arrived that an American, Robert Peary, had just beat him to it. On 14 December 1911, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen and his team became the first people to reach the South Pole. Roald Amundsen and his team became the first people to reach the South Pole on December 14, 1911. His other journeys included the first successful trip through the Northwest Passage beyond Canada. Norwegian Roald Amundsen becomes the first explorer to reach the South Pole, beating his British rival, Robert Falcon Scott. Amundsen was born near Oslo, the Norwegian Capital in 1872. On 14 December 1911, the Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen (who had already led the first expedition to traverse the North West Passage, and would go on to lead the first successful attempt to cross the Arctic by air) and his team became the first human beings to reach the South Pole, just over a month before Robert Falcon Scott’s ill-fated Terra Nova expedition. Roald Amundsen is proud to be the first person to reach both poles of the earth. In 1911, Britain’s Robert Falcon Scott and Norway’s Roald Amundsen both launched expeditions to reach the Pole. Early years. He traveled to both the Arctic and the Antarctic, and he was the first person to reach the South Pole. Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen - Biographical notes 16th July 1872 - 18th June 1928. Youth []. Even in his youth, the remarkable book of J. Franklin, a polar explorer, fell into the hands of the future explorer. What year did Roald Amundsen reach the South Pole? Another five-man expedition reached the pole … Explorer. Dec. 18, 2011 — -- On December 14, 1911, a five-man Norwegian team led by Roald Amundsen became the first explorers to reach the South Pole. Roald Amundsen: first to reach the South Pole, the first to make a ship voyage through the Northwest Passage, and one of the first to cross the Arctic by air. Amundsen was also active in the Arctic, leading an expedition to the North Pole in 1926. He used this device called Sextant. Early life . He was one of the greatest figures in the field of polar exploration. If Peary did not reach the North Pole, this makes Amundsen part of groups to have reached both the south and the north poles for the first time. Roald Amundsen became determined to be the first person to reach the South Pole. Amundsen was born on the 16th of July, 1872, on a small farm near Sarpsborg in south-eastern Norway. It is located on the ice-covered continent of Antarctica. Norwegian-born Amundsen was the first person to sail through the North-West Passage, the first man to reach the South Pole and the first to take a transarctic flight across the North Pole. They erected a tent, raised the Norwegian flag, and took pictures of themselves standing reverently before it. The expedition also used lighter sleds and more appropriate clothing and equipment. Roald Amundsen and his crew looking at the Norwegian flag at the South Pole, 1911. In 1910-1911, Scott made his second attempt to be the first to reach the pole on the Terra Nova (pictured), but Norwegian Roald Amundsen had set out to beat him to the punch. Roald Amundsen and his team used skis and dogsleds to travel across Antarctica's icy landscape. When Roald Amundsen was a teenager he insisted on sleeping in the open with his bedroom window to augment the cold himself. Let us journey forth to discover 50 trailblazing facts about the Last of the Vikings. Always on the prowl for more adventure; Amundsen purchased a Farman biplane in 1914, intending to mount skis on the craft and use it to fly over polar obstacles. Open this photo in gallery: Choosing dogs over horses led Amundsen to reach the South Pole before the doomed … Roald Engebreth Gravning Amundsen was born in 1872 at Borge, Norway. Amundsen and his men reached the South Pole at 3:00 in the afternoon on December 14, 1911. He is best remembered for leading the Antarctic expedition to become the first men to The Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen was one of the most important people in the history of polar exploration . But Amundsen had a major advantage. Administration; Mission and Vision; Who was Roald Amundsen? One hundred years ago, on December 14, 1911, the Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen and his team became the first people to reach the Geographic South Pole. World War I ended that endeavor, but the explorer continued to dream of flying over the great ice cap. Roald Amundsen. In the early 20th century, the race was on to reach the South Pole, with a number of explorers testing themselves in the freezing Antarctic.. (Note: Amundsen’s North Pole feat was achieved via aircraft.) (Ed note: Peary, as it turns out, almost certainly didn’t reach the North Pole. Roald Amundsen, born in 1872 near Oslo, Norway, left his mark on the Heroic Era as one of the most successful polar explorers ever born. Roald Amundsen was greeted by a sea captain's dynasty. Roald Amundsen and his team became the first people to reach the South Pole on December 14, 1911. They stayed in the area for three days, exploring the terrain and checking their instruments. Norwegian Roald Amundsen would become the first explorer to reach the South Pole two years later in 1911. Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen was the first to navigate the Northwest Passage, the first to reach the South Pole, a navigator of the Northeast Passage, the first to fly to latitude 88⁰ N, and the first to fly across the Arctic Ocean. The Geographic South Pole is the southernmost point on Earth. In December 1911, Amundsen and his party became the first to trek to the South Pole. Roald Amundsen died with a crew of five in a small flying boat that took off from Tromso, Norway in June 1928 on a rescue mission for Nobile and two others whose airship had crashed on the way back from the North Pole. Roald Amundsen 1872-1928 . The previous expeditions of Cook, Peary and Byrd all claimed to have reached the North Pole earlier, but each of those claims are disputed today. Figures in the history of polar exploration almost 100 km closer to the Pole than Scott s. Day in history, the Norwegian flag at the Norwegian flag at the Pole. 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